With conflicts and arguments arousing regarding granting of UK visa to other nationals migrants, the UK government plans to grant EU migrants, under the age of 30, a two-year UK visa that would allow them to live and work in Britain post-Brexit. EU migrants may take advantage of post-Brexit is the Tier 2 visa, which allows skilled workers to work for a UK employer with a tier 2 sponsorship licence, and eventually, gain legal permanent residence.
UK Home Secretary, Amber Rudd, tasked the so-called independent Migration Advisory Committee (MAC) with reviewing the economic costs and benefits of EU migration; a call for evidence report was published by the committee. The report suggested that UK government may adopt visa system for young EU migrants similar to those in Australia, Canada and New Zealand, by handing two-year visas to migrants aged 18 -30 to live and work in the UK amid the country’s imminent exit from the EU.
POSITIVES OF GRANTING UK VISA
As per the government, the young EU migrants have a longer working life ahead of them and will make a greater contribution to UK public finances.
The younger EU migrants can accept a lower salary threshold to improve their chances of settling in Britain. They have a longer working life ahead of them, so have a higher chance of making a net positive contribution to the public finances, and they are perhaps considered to integrate more successfully.
The UK’s Tier 2 visa route has a points-based system in place that screens non-EU immigrants to assess their eligibility for UK entry. The migrants could ‘earn points’ (similar to the Australian points-based immigration system) to better their chances of entering the UK.
INFLUENCE OF REGIONAL VARIATIONS
The economic literature suggests that migrants are more likely to have beneficial economic effects when they have different skills from the resident population.
There will be positives and negatives for both the general UK population and British businesses because of reduced low-skilled immigration.
It states that industry sectors and businesses will each have a different reaction to fewer lower-skilled immigrants being granted access to UK visas.
There are various pros and cons of low-skilled immigration as well. The above process could result in higher wages and expenses for businesses, which might lead to price increases for consumers. Equally, it would force businesses to swap labour for capital, boosting productivity.
The regional variations being taken into account when determining salary thresholds for those seeking entry to the UK, while low-skilled immigration should be halted. This would enable those with specific, in-demand skills to enter the UK, similar to the approach taken by Australia and the US.